Neroli oil is an essential oil extracted by steam distillation from the blossom of the bitter orange tree. Its sweet citrus scent is complex imparting notes of honey, green, spice and flowers. Anne Marie Orsini, Princess of Nerola, Italy, introduced the essence of bitter orange tree as a fashionable fragrance… View more..
Papyrus, a form of thick paper used as a writing surface in ancient times. First used in ancient Egypt, the papyrus plant grew abundantly in and around the Nile. Possesses a woody fragrance profile with earthy and spicy aspects. View more..
The Orchid family (Orchidaceae) includes around 28,000 species of all shapes, colours and aromas. Some orchids are highly fragrant, many however (some 25%) are odourless. Those with fragrance emit a widely varied spectrum of nuances. Everything from coconut and raspberry to jasmine and cinnamon, not to mention some species with… View more..
Indole (adjective indolic) is a chemical compound synthesized but also occuring naturally in floral notes like jasmine and tuberose. which smells floral at low concentrations, fecal at high concentrations. A very common perfumery term, indoles usually impart a narcotic (strong floral), ripe or animalic character. As an aside indoles also… View more..
Nutmeg possesses a sweet, spicy, woody odour profile. The essential oil obtained by steam distillation of ground nutmeg is used widely in perfumery. Nutmeg, during the Middle Ages was known as a valuable commodity by Muslim sailors from the port of Basra traded and sold to the Venetians for… View more..
Vetiver is a bunchgrass , (ie grasses that usually grow as singular plants in clumps or bunches). Vetiver is mainly cultivated for the fragrant essential oil distilled from its roots (via steam distillation). Due to its excellent fixative properties, vetiver is used widely in perfumes. The island of Réunion is… View more..
Ambergris or grey amber, is a solid wax, a bi-product of decaying sperm whale vomit. Freshly-produced ambergris has a marine, fecal odour. However, as it ages, it acquires a sweet, earthy scent. Although ambergris used to be very highly valued by perfumers as a fixative (allowing the scent to last… View more..
Cinnamon has been known from remote antiquity. It was imported to Egypt as early as 2000 BCE, but those who report it had come from China confuse it with cassia. Cinnamon was so highly prized among ancient nations that it was regarded as a gift fit for monarchs and… View more..