Cedar (cedrus), a dry, woody, aromatic, spicy and resinous fragrance character. Very popular base note. Cedar oil is extracted via steam distillation from the needle-shaped leaves of the tree.
Choya Nakh, A traditional Indian oil created from distilling roasted seashells. Imparts notes of salt, ocean, smoke, seaweed and moss.
Cumin essential oil is extracted by steam distillation from the ripe seeds. It is a pale yellow or greenish liquid with a warm, soft, spicy-musky scent. It blends well with lavandin, rosemary, galbanum, rosewood, cardamom and oriental-type fragrances.
Clove bud, essential oil by water distillation from the buds. Concrete, absolute, oleoresin produced from the bud in small quantity.Pale yellow liquid with a sweet spicy odour and a fruity fresh top note. The bud oil is favoured in perfumery work. It blends well with rose, lavender, vanillin, clary sage, bergamot, bay leaf, lavandin, allspice, ylang-ylang and cananga.
Cinnamon bark is extracted by water or steam distillation from the dried inner bark. It is Pale to dark yellow liquid with a sweet, warm-spicy, dry, tenacious odour.
Cardamom oil is extracted by steam distillation from the dried ripe fruit (seeds). It is a colourless to pale yellow liquid with a sweet spicy, warming fragrance and a woody-balsamic undertone.
Cascalone is a fragrance ingredient which has been created or synthesised in a lab. It adds a fresh aquatic feel to fragrance compositions.
Citron, also known as cédrat in French, is an inedible citrus fruit. It gives off a dry, pulpy aroma.
Cassia, also known as Chinese Cinnamon, is an aromatic bark with a very characteristic spicey and intense aroma.
Clementine, a cross between mandarin and orange (also known as Christmas mandarin or tangerine), that gives off a sweet, juicy, fresh, citrus aroma. Clementine essential oil is extracted via cold expression from the outer peel of the fruit.
Cassis, a deep rich and juicy scent of blackcurrants. Blackcurrant bud absolute is known as "bourgeons de cassis" in French.
Coumarin, a commonly used perfume compound that smells like vanilla. Usually derived from the tonka bean
Compound, the concentrated fragrance mixture before it is diluted to make the finished perfume. Also called perfume oil
Cloying, an odour (or odor) that is excessively sticky sweet
Clary Sage, the oil of this herb smells sweet to bittersweet, with nuances of amber, hay and tobacco.
Civet, a secretion from the anal gland of the Civet fox, giving an animalic, fecal character. No longer cultivated from animals, only found in synthetic format
Castoreum, an oily secretion from the abdominal sacs of beavers. Warm and animalic, a typical character in leather perfumes. These days it is mainly used in synthetic form